Toshinso (central base stone of the pagoda) of the abolished Ishibashi Temple
Showing the relationships between the capital and Hidanotakumi carpenters
Hida used to have at least 14 ancient temples, great density among all regions in Japan. This provided the backdrop to the establishment of the Hidanotakumi System, the only system in this country’s ancient times whereby tax was exempted by dispatching woodwork craftsmen to the capital.
Among all districts in Hida, the Kokufu district is the place where the highest number of ancient temples have been discovered. The abolished Ishibashi Temple is one of such temples, built in the land of Sakurano in early Nara Period. The central base stone of the pagoda was once used as a chozubachi (water basin) in Okamura Takemori’s garden in Hirose-machi. The soseki (base stone) having been discovered, the pillar platform on the central base stone, which is 1.2 m across its long diameter and 0.8 m across its short diameter, is flattened with a shariko (reliquary hale) 27 cm in diameter, and 9.5 cm in depth at the center. The size of the base stone indicates that a three-story pagoda once stood there. Currently, the toshinso has been relocated with donations to a place next to the Hirose Tumulus.
The relationships between Hidanotakumi carpenters and the capital can also be seen in the former sites of the abolished Ishibashi Temple and Koju-an, because roof tiles depicting public officials working in the capital have been excavated at both sites.