Taue Heritage House
Large-scale residence by Kawajiri Jisuke
Taue Heritage House is a farm house architecture which Taue Taroshiro, the head of the Taue family commissioned Kawajiri Jisuke, who built Kusakabe Heritage House, to build, and was constructed in 1882. It is said that it took 12 years to complete this house.
The main building is large with its ketayuki (purlins) measuring 12.5 ken (1 ken = 1.82 m), and a harima (crossbeam) measuring 7.5 ken. This is a two-story wooden building in the kirizuma-zukuri and hirairi style (i.e., a style in which the entrance is located on one of the sides parallel to the ridge of the roof), currently featuring a tiled roof. The outer wall of the main building front is based on a shin-kabe-style design (referring to a type of plastered wall in which structural members are exposed) with sumikiri-mado (round-cornered windows), and also adopted a modern architectural style. With the roof and small eave projecting, the eaves of the roof feature segai-zukuri (deep eaves supported by long jettied members on all four sides). The udegi (brackets) that support the dashigeta (eave purlins) are supported by mochiokuri (corbels) with a design known as “kumo” (clouds) by Carpenter Inao Saburo.
On the earthen floor, visitors will be overwhelmed by the central pillar with cross section of approximately 30.03 square meters, and a dynamic beam made from a huge pine tree called “4 ken-mono.” In the honzashiki (main guest reception room) is a standard tokonoma (alcove) equipped with a tsukeshoin (a built-in table), a black-lacquered kamachi (an ornamental wooden bar in the front part of the tokonoma) and a chigai-dana (a set of staggered shelves).
Taue Heritage House has a rich structure, integrating a common design with Kusakabe Heritage House, namely, town house architecture. Released from regulations continuing until modern times, both of these buildings are representative works that clearly indicate the master carpenter’s techniques.