Type of bus / how to get on the bus
When you use a bus for private trips, you will mostly use "route buses" that run throughout the city with a travel time of 5 to 30 minutes and "long-distance buses" which travel for several hours to more than 10 hours.
Route buses are operated by different companies depending on the area, and the fee is also divided into (1) all routes fixed amount, and (2) a variable rate type in which prices rise according to distance. Roughly speaking, in the downtown area, it is a fixed amount, and in tourist destinations, where often run relatively long distances, it is variable. Payment methods are by cash, IC card, etc. There are an increasing number of buses available for transportation IC cards such as Suica and ICOCA issued by JR, which you can use for most buses in the suburbs of Tokyo.
As a way of riding, in the case of the flat-rate system, it is often from the front of the bus, and in the case of the variable rate system, it is often in behind. On the side of the bus there is an explanation as to which side you take from a bus, but since it is often displayed only in Japanese, do as the surrounding people do.
In the case of a variable rate system, in order to prove where you got on the bus, you need to touch it with your IC card once when you get on the bus and you need to touch it again next to the driver when you get off the bus. In the case of cash, a ticket called "numbered ticket" with numbers written will come out from the machine installed immediately after getting on, so you will pay the fee along with the ticket at the time of payment. If you ride from the starting point, it will prove that you do not have a ticket, so do not worry if your ticket does not come out. When you receive the ticket, in the future, focus on the price list at front. A fee of about 200 yen should be displayed in the place of the number on the surface, and that number will go up as the distance goes up. You will prepare the amount of money at getting off and pay when you get off. If there is no change, you can exchange money at the machine next to the driver, but in most cases high-value notes such as 5000 yen bills and 10,000 yen bills cannot be used, so be careful. If you take a bus by cash payment, it is safe to prepare 1000 yen notes or coins.
Long distance buses are mainly located at terminal stations such as Tokyo Station and Osaka Station. Many buses are operated toward each direction, and fees and comfort level vary, but in general buses are less expensive than railroads, etc. For example, between Tokyo and Osaka, it is quick and convenient to travel by Shinkansen or airplane, but there are many people who choose long distance bus in view of cost. In particular, the "night bus" which departs at midnight and arrives at the destination early in the morning is popular among young people, as it can save hotel costs by moving in the evening and can move by about half the price of the bullet train. Advance reservation is necessary on many buses.